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Alternative Treatments: Acupuncture for Arthritis
Originally Posted on WebMD
What Is Acupuncture and How Does It Work?
Sixteenth Century Chinese doctors believed that illness was due to an imbalance of energy in the body. In acupuncture, disposable, stainless steel needles are used to stimulate the body’s 14 major meridians, or energy-carrying channels, to resist or overcome illnesses and conditions by correcting these imbalances.
Acupuncture is also thought to decrease pain by increasing the release of chemicals that block pain, called endorphins. Many acu-points are near nerves. When stimulated, these nerves cause a dull ache or feeling of fullness in the muscle. The stimulated muscle sends a message to the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), causing the release of endorphins (morphine-like chemicals produced in our own bodies during times of pain or stress). Endorphins, along with other neurotransmitters (body chemicals that modify nerve impulses), block the message of pain from being delivered up to the brain.
What Conditions Are Treated With Acupuncture?
Although acupuncture is not a “cure-all” treatment, it can be effective in treating several diseases and conditions. Acupuncture is most effective at treating chronic pain, such as arthritis, low back, neck or muscle pain, and pain after surgery. Some studies have shown it to be an effective treatment for dental pain, fibromyalgia and nausea associated with chemotherapy. More studies are needed to see how effective acupuncture is to treat headaches, pain from shingles, facial pain and as an aid to quit smoking.
It’s important not to rely on acupuncture for treatment of chronic or serious illness unless you see a doctor first. Acupuncture may not be the best way to improve your condition. Your healthcare provider may recommend acupuncture treatment along with other treatment methods such as physical therapy or medication. For certain conditions, such as cancer, acupuncture should only be performed in combination with other treatments.